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When everyone else has left you, it is loneliness that you feel. But when you have left everyone, it will be solitude that you feel.

(by Alfred Polgar).

Alfred Polgar was born 1873 in Vienna into an assimilated Jewish family. His original surname was Polak, which he changed in 1914 to his pen name Polgar. After spending the post-WW1 years in Berlin, he returned to Austria in 1933 after having married Elise Loewy. After the annexation of Austria by the Nazis, Polgar and Elise fled Austria. They first went to Paris, and later, on foot, to the Portuguese border from where they emigrated to the US. They further went to Hollywood where Alfred worked for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a script writer on a one-year contract. In 1943, they moved to New York and he became a US citizen in 1945. In 1949, they returned to Europe and settled down in Zurich. He continued to write for journals and news-paper until his death in 1955. With his sharp intellect and political liberalism he was always considered one of the first representatives of the Vienna Coffeehouse literature.

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